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At the start of your DVSA Practical Driving Test, the Examiner will ask you two questions about the general maintenance of the car.
These questions can be in two forms, a "show me" question where you are asked to demonstrate how to carry out a check, or a "tell me" question where you simply describe how you would carry out a check before a journey.
They could be questions about stuff under the bonnet or stuff inside the car.
Here's the full list:
Q - How would you check your side lights are working?
(lights you'd use if it's dull/going dark)
Answer - Using the dial on the dash board (located under your air vent), turn it clockwise ONCE.
Q - How would you check your dipped head lights are working?
(main headlights you use when it's dark)
Answer - Using the dial on the dash board (located under your air vent), turn it clockwise TWICE.
Q - How would you put your fog lights on, and when would you use them?
Answer - Press the small circular button next to your headlight dial on your dashboard, a yellow light will then display on the speedometer and I would use them if visibility is worse than 100 metres.
Q - How would you check your brake lights are working before starting your journey?
Answer - I would ask someone to stand behind the car while I press my brake pedal, they would tell me if they are working. I could also park in front of a reflective background like a window or garage door and check them that way.
Q - How would you check your indicator lights are working before starting your journey?
Answer - Press the hazard lights button, get out of the car and walk round all 4 sides to check the lights.
Q - How would you check your horn is working?
Answer - Press down the middle part of the steering wheel, give the horn a short burst to check.
Q - How would you know if you had a problem with your ABS (Anti-lock Braking System)?
Answer - The ABS light would display on my 'rev' counter, so I would take it to a garage to be looked at.
Q - How would you check your power steering is working before starting your journey?
Answer - Turn the ignition on (2 key turns), try my steering and it will feel stiff. Then I would turn the key again to start the engine, and the steering should loosen up.
Q - How would you check your hand brake before starting your journey, without making the car move?
Answer - Press the footbrake to hold the car still, take off the handbrake then re-apply, it should stiffen up and stay in place when I release the button.
Q - How would you check the footbrake is working before you start your journey?
Answer - Turn on the ignition, press down the footbrake pedal and it should feel firm, not spongy.
Q - How would you check that the head restraint is in the correct position?
Answer - Adjust it so the middle of the head rest sits in the middle of the back of my head.
Q - How would you demist the front and back windscreen?
Answer - I would press the gold button on the dashboard for the front and side windows, the back window is a separate button with the 'square window' symbol.
Q - How would you clean your front and back windscreens using the wiper fluid?
Answer - Using my wiper column (next to my right hand on steering wheel) I would pull the column towards me for the back window. For the front windscreen I would push the button on the end of the column inwards and hold it down.
Q - Where would you find the information for the recommended tyre pressure and what would you use to check this?
Answer - The information is in the car owner's manual and I would use a pressure gauge to check the pressures.
Q - How would you know if a tyre was showing signs of 'wear and tear' and soon in need of replacement?
Answer - It would look bald, lacking tread and may have cuts and bulges in the tyre wall.
Q - What is the minimum legal tread depth requirement?
Answer - It's 1.6mm, I'd use a tread gauge to check this across 3 quarters of the circumference of the tyre.
"Under the bonnet" checks:
Use the long black bonnet rod to hold up the bonnet safely.
Q - How would you check your engine oil before you start your journey?
Answer - On a flat surface and while the engine is cold, I would pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a tissue or cloth.
Then I would put it back, and a minute later pull it out to read the dipstick. The oil level should sit between the minimum and maximum markings.
Q - How would you check that your wiper fluid tank is topped up?
Answer - *point out the wiper fluid tank is the furthest tank to the right as you look under the bonnet*
I would look through the semi-transparent tank and I would be able to see the water line if it was topped up fully.
Q - Where is the engine coolant tank and what level should the coolant be topped up to?
Answer - *point out the large tank on the left hand side*
The red fluid needs to sit between the minimum and maximum lines.